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Archaeological Zones

Zone I

Zone Map    |    ZONE 2   |   ZONE 3

zone1DeBryPictured left: DeBry drawing showing historic Native Americans performing the Black Drink Ceremony.
Zone IA
Zone IA occurs in the colonial downtown district north of the plaza, with archaeological deposits dating from the 17th century onward.  Numerous landmarks in Zone IA include Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, the City Gate, and the Cubo Line.  Settlement in this zone initially occurred on an elevated dune ridge–along present-day St. George Street–spreading east and west in the late 1600s and early 1700s.

Zone IB
Baptiste Boazio MapZone IB contains archaeological deposits that date from the 16th century onward.  Included in this zone is the original downtown settlement of St. Augustine, established in 1572, and the Plaza, established in 1598.  The original settlement is depicted on the Baptiste Boazio Map (1586, pictured right), the oldest-known illustration of a European community in the continental United States.  The original town was sited on a large plot of elevated land. Other historical sites in Zone IB include the 17th- and 18th-century church and cemetery of La Soledad.

Zone IC
Zone IC extends from St. Francis Street to the end of Marine Street and includes archaeological deposits associated with that portion of the colonial-walled town between St. Francis Street and San Salvador Street, the 17th- to 18th-century Franciscan convento (now the headquarters of the Florida National Guard), and the 18th-century Yamassee mission community of Nuestra Señora del Rosario de la Punta, which is sited just to the south of the colonial walled-city.

Zone ID
Zone ID contains a variety of archaeological deposits that represent more than 4,000 years of human occupation.  Represented are prehistoric Native American sites, including the historic Timucuan Indian village of Seloy, the location of the 1565 Menéndez encampment, the 17th- to 18th-century historic Indian mission community of Nombre de Dios, and an 18th-century British farming enterprise.

Zone IE
Zone IE contains archaeological deposits associated with the 18th-century African-American site of Fort Mose, the first free Black community in the continental United States. Also represented are prehistoric and 18th-century Native American settlements.

Zone Map    |    ZONE 2   |   ZONE 3